George Napier Perkins(Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection, OHS).
|1860 Federal Census|
Campbell, Pulaski County, Arkansas, page 1
Showing C. Perkins and his overseer's family
|1860 Census Slave Schedule|
Campbell, Pulaski County, Arkansas, pages 2-3
Census of people enslaved by C. Perkins, managed by overseer A. J. Jones
1st Sergeant of the 57th US Colored Infantry
|George N. Perkins Descriptive Card|
|Special Orders No. 28, Department of Arkansas, dated January 31, 1865, |
from Little Rock, instructed the 57th United States Colored Infantry to report
to the commanding officer at Little Rock, Arkansas, for duty.
|Federal soldiers encamped at Fort Smith during the Civil War. |
Courtesy of the Fort Smith Museum of History
Little Rock, Arkansas 1867-1891.
During this time, on January 2, 1873, Perkins helped his step-son John Spring open a Freedmen's Bank account in Little Rock. It showed that the family was living in Campbell Township and John was working for his step-father.
Image from The Constitutional Convention of 1874
by Walter Nunn, The Arkansas Historical Quarterly
Vol. 27, No. 3 (Autumn, 1968), pp. 177-204
|Proceedings of the National conference of colored men of the United States, |
held in the State capitol at Nashville Tennessee,
May 6, 7, 8 and 9, 1879
by National conference of colored men of the United States, Nashville, Tenn., 1879.
|A resolution offered by George N. Perkins|
Advocating for "wholesale emigration on account of oppression and intimidation."
During this time, Perkins was practicing law in Little Rock. He was listed in Little Rock City Directories as an attorney from 1885 to 1890. In 1889, he was listed as among the "colored" members of the Little Rock bar.
The Oklahoma Guide - Newspaper
Republican PoliticsPerkins worked behind the scenes and at the grassroots level for civil rights and equal protection under the law. He supported the Negro Protective League and opposed Jim Crow laws. When the state Democrats used the Grandfather Clause to deny the vote to Black men - such as Green Currin - he appealed to the governor and encouraged Currin to bring his lawsuit all the way to the US Supreme Court, which he did.
The African Lion
- Judith Kilpatrick, “(EXTRA)Ordinary Men: African-American Lawyers and Civil Rights in Arkansas Before 1950,” 53 Ark. Law Rev. 299, 302 n7, 307, 311 n71, 320, 327-30, 334, 336, 340-41, 343, 345, 347 n352, 374 (2000)
- 1 Who’s Who of the Colored Race 214 (1915)
- 1886, 1890 Little Rock City Directories
- “Proceedings of the National Conference of Colored Men of the United States,” 5/6-9/1879, Nashville, TN, pp. 16, 29, 67
- R.O. Joe Cassity, Jr., “African-American Attorneys on the Oklahoma Frontier, 27 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 245 (2002)
- African American Biographical Database, Profile available at http://aabd.chadwyck.com/bbidx/full_rec
- Oklahoma Historical Society listing